How To Purify Tap Water?

The continuous search for clean water is a human endeavor that is as old as thirst itself. However, it is not just about quenching the thirst. You should also strive to get clean and safe water to drink, bathe, and wash. You can start by paying attention to the type of water that is coming from your tap. You should purify your tap water whenever you have the feeling that it could be contaminated. 

Meanwhile, there are a lot of methods you can use to treat water, and each method has its own advantages and disadvantages. Although many people think that boiling water is an effective, reliable, and quick way to purify water. This is not true. 

To make life easier, we will be discussing easy but effective water purification methods you can use to purify your tap water in this article. Let’s explore more. It is always advisable to use a Water Testing Kit, to check how safe your water is.

Boiling

This is the safest and cheapest method of purifying tap water. Boiling water produces enough heat to kill bacteria, viruses, parasites, making water safer to drink. This method is perhaps the most ancient method of purifying water and is still widely used today.

Steps

  • If the water is cloudy, filter out the contaminants
  • Heat the water until it starts boiling 
  • After boiling, let it cool and pour the water into a clean container. 

Filtration

Filtration is one of the effective methods of purifying water. This method uses physical and chemical processes to purify water and make it safe for use. It helps to get rid of both small and large compounds, dangerous contaminants that can cause diseases. 

This method of water purification does not deplete all the mineral salts. Hence, water that has been filtered is considered to be healthier when compared to water purified using other methods. Unlike other methods, this method is less costly and does not require a lot of energy. It is an economic way of purifying water because little water is lost during the purification process. Filtration is still popularly used in water treatment. This is as a result of its affordability, durability, portability, and ease of use.

Steps

There are various kinds of filtration processes you can adopt. However, it is best to use the strainer filters for this process with tap water on our focus. Follow the steps below to achieve filtration through strainer filters: 

  1. Put the strainer filters between the mouth of the tap and the container. This will help filter all the particles and impurities present in the water before getting to the container
  2. Pour the filtered water into another container to avoid the trapped impurity from coming through
  3. Clean the filter after use to prevent it from getting filled up with dirt over time

Chlorination

Chlorination is the process of adding chlorine to the water supply to eliminate viruses and bacteria. Chlorine is widely used in purifying water at council levels, making water free of germs and safe for drinking. This method is ideal when you want to deal with bacteria and other microbes present in your water supply system. In addition, chlorination is good because it helps prevent several water-borne diseases such as cholera and typhoid. 

Steps

  1. If you are using chlorine tablets, you must apply them to heated water
  2. Pour the heated Chlorine water into the water supply system after the tablet has fully dissolved. If you are using the liquid chlorine, you must pour a few capfuls inside the system
  3. Leave it for some time to go into the water and settle properly. Remember, the chlorine will help to completely wipe out all the bacteria leaving your water completely safe
  4. Leave the water for at least 1 hour before you start drinking.

Distillation

Distillation is the process of collecting pure water through condensation from evaporated steam. It is one of the most effective ways of ensuring that water is free of all contaminants. In this method, water is usually subjected to heat, and when it reaches its boiling point, it will be directed into a condenser. 

The process of distilling seawater into drinking water has been used since the olden days. In fact, many cultures have used distillation as an effective method of obtaining potable water. Due to technological advancement, the materials used in distillation have changed over time. Yet, the science is still the same. This is to prove that distillation is a water purification method that has stood the test of time.

Steps

  1. Pour the water in a heat-resistant container and subject to heat
  2. Allow it to boil until it gets to the boiling point
  3. When the water turns to vapour, channel that vapour into another source and keep it
  4. When the vapour is cool, it turns back to pure water. 

Conclusion

Water is the source of life. In fact, it is by far the most ingested substance on earth. Since it is a necessity, you must pay special attention to the type of water you consume. Hence, the need to purify the water coming from your tap. 

We have discussed several tap water purification methods you can adopt above. Choose any method that is ideal for you, and you will get the best results. 

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